Les Grecs de Russie au 19e siècle et au début du 20e

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Constantin Papoulidis


The number of Greeks living in Russia inscreased considerably in the
nineteenth century, as they fled the various forms of oppression inflicted
upon them in the Ottoman Empire. At the beginning of the nineteenth century organised Greek communities started to spring up, and they became increasingly active in the communal, commercial, ecclesiastic, educational, social, and cultural spheres. In the hospitable environment of the Russian Empire, “our brother the Greek”, as the Russians called him, embarked upon a wide variety of activities in communities with special privileges (such as Nežin) and in the Black Sea’s free port of Odessa. All the Greeks enjoyed the official policy of “protection” and the special affection the average Russian felt for the enslaved Christians of the Balkans. It was in this climate that the Filiki Etaireia, the Greek Philanthropic Society, and the Greek Imperial Subsidiary Committee began to function. This paper examines the activities of the Gieeks element from the end of the eighteenth century to the fourth decade of the twentieth century. Specifically, it looks into the structure of the Greek communities within which the Greek merchants, artisans, landowners, teachers, clergy, scholars, academics, university professors, national benefactors, patrons of the arts, diplomats, consular and other civil servants, military and naval men, doctors, and masons lived and worked, and also includes within its scope Greek literature published at the time, educational activity, and theatre.

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