Evrigenis Yearbook of International and European Law https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The Yearbook focuses on theoretical as well as practical questions and </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">current developments in all related scientific areas, aiming at the publication </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">of original research and scholarship in the fields of The Yearbook aims to provide </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">a forum for quality International and European research into all the aforementioned </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">facets, covering general and special issues of the highest impact </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">of both practical and theoretical nature.</span></p> en-US patragku@uom.edu.gr (Παναγιώτα Πατραγκού) svozana@uom.edu.gr (Σοφία Βοζανά) Fri, 20 Oct 2023 10:49:12 +0300 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Introduction https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9900 <p>Introductory information</p> Paraskevi Naskou-Perraki Copyright (c) 2023 Evrigenis Yearbook of International and European Law https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9900 Fri, 20 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Table of contents https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9901 <p>Table of contents</p> Paraskevi Naskou-Perraki Copyright (c) 2023 Evrigenis Yearbook of International and European Law https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9901 Fri, 20 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Mesures de Crise et Conventions Internationales du Travail https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9902 <p>La situation problématique, voire critique, de l’économie et des finances se<br>vit dans la plupart des pays de la planète et frappe de façon similaire et à un<br>degré varié les différents Etats. Pour nous en tenir à l’Europe, la Grèce est notoirement<br>le pays le plus durement frappé par la crise, ce qui rend épineuse et<br>urgente l’étude de l’impact des multiples et nombreuses mesures prises dans<br>ce contexte sur les conventions internationales du travail. Certes, même problème<br>se pose à propos de plusieurs autres pays européens dont le nombre est<br>à l’heure actuelle particulièrement ‘mouvant’. Tel est le cas de pays comme le<br>Portugal, le Irlande, l’Espagne et autres, mais pour lesquels la conformité de<br>leurs mesures aux conventions de l’OIT ne paraît pas pour le moment être<br>mise en cause.</p> Nikitas Aliprantis Copyright (c) 2023 Evrigenis Yearbook of International and European Law https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9902 Fri, 20 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Academic Internationalization Risks through Entrepreneurial Universities https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9903 <p>...However, the protection of a person’s right to knowledge which presupposes<br>free circulation of ideas - privileges conquered after significant struggle<br>and sacrifices through the years - can either be enhanced, diminished, or even<br>lost if we neglect to consider carefully the conditions under which internationalization<br>of Higher Education, and especially research, will be taking place.<br>The right to knowledge and the right to free research must both be relieved<br>and protected from influences of compromised ideologies which restrict their<br>freedom to cut-and- dried directions and sets...</p> Nikitas Aliprantis Copyright (c) 2023 Evrigenis Yearbook of International and European Law https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9903 Fri, 20 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0300 “They are going to implore us…to kill them” https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9906 <p>A little more than six years have already passed since the 15th July 2016<br>coup attempt in Turkey and our knowledge about what really happened that<br>night continues to remain, at the least, nebulous. The coup attempt was discerned<br>by some – crucial – characteristics that differentiated it from other similar<br>coups in the rich, in this field, history of Turkish military interventions: lack<br>of adequate preparation, strange, almost suicidal, tactical decisions and a most<br>obvious amateurism on the part of the coup’s “ringleaders”...</p> Sotiris Livas Copyright (c) 2023 Evrigenis Yearbook of International and European Law https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9906 Fri, 20 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Human Rights Arguments as a Defence of Host States in International Investment Arbitration https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9907 <p>This article explores the substantive similarities between international investment<br>law and international human rights law. It analyses the conceptual<br>relevance of human rights argumentation with investment treaties’ standards<br>of protection, through an overview of the most recent arbitration jurisprudence.<br>In particular, this article examines whether host States can introduce<br>human rights argumentation into investment arbitration adjudication as their<br>defense.</p> Thomas-Nektarios Papanastasiou Copyright (c) 2023 Evrigenis Yearbook of International and European Law https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9907 Fri, 20 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Egypt https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9908 <p>Egypt is the fifth largest oil producer and third largest gas producer in Africa,<br>however not an OPEC member state. The oil and gas sector is considered as<br>the most vital industry in Egypt, with significant established energy resourcesboth<br>on- shore and off- shore- and continuously being discovered across several<br>production areas throughout the country...</p> Marika Karayianni Copyright (c) 2023 Evrigenis Yearbook of International and European Law https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9908 Fri, 20 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The Issue of Granting Access to Sheltered Places when Ships are in Distress https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9909 <p>According to IMO, the issue of providing refuge for ships in distress was<br>raised during the late 1980s, when the Legal Committee of IMO was preparing<br>a draft document regarding the International Convention on Salvage which<br>was eventually adopted in 1989. During the exchange of information some<br>states expressed the view to admit vessels in distress into their ports. Other<br>states expressed their doubt on including a public law rule into a private law<br>convention, let alone that coastal state interests could not be ignored...</p> Aristotelis Alexopoulos Copyright (c) 2023 Evrigenis Yearbook of International and European Law https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9909 Fri, 20 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Ship-Source Pollution and the Introduction of Penalties for Infringements https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9910 <p>The method of this study is based upon research of legal texts, International<br>Conventions, case studies and the Directive 2005/35/EC as amended by Directive<br>2009/123/EC on ship-source pollution. The analysis of the sources is<br>mostly qualitative within the context of examining synergies and contradictions<br>between the international and European law. The context on which the<br>theme topic is unfolded, lays upon the elements of international law of the sea<br>along with the provisions of marine environmental protection, with regard to<br>ship-source pollution, the sanctions and penalties imposed by the flag and the<br>coastal states, and, possible exemptions that may implemented by the European<br>acquis.<br>In order to unfold the theme topic, an attempt will be made in the first part<br>so as to analyze the scope of Directive 2005/35/EC in the European legal context<br>and its implementation by the member states, exploring its general utility<br>on penalties and infringements for ship-source pollution. In the second<br>part, a further examination and cases’ analysis will be conducted with regard<br>to the synergies and contradictions between international and European law<br>with a focus to a critical examination of the provisions of UNCLOS and Directive<br>2005/35/EC, as well as of the provisions of MARPOL 73/78 and Directive<br>2005/35/EC respectively.<br>Also, arguments and legal opinions made by representatives of the shipping<br>industry will also be presented, on the tendency of not criminalizing<br>shipping operations in general with regard to accidental activities of shipsource<br>pollution.</p> Konstantinos Saviolidis Copyright (c) 2023 Evrigenis Yearbook of International and European Law https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9910 Fri, 20 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Protecting Investments while Safeguarding Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9911 <p>...What I propose to argue is how the principal judicial organ of the UN378<br>may, nonetheless, adjudicate successfully, today and as the law stands, disputes<br>involving the protection of an investment tied up with issues of international<br>cultural law during or after an armed conflict. Before doing so, I intend<br>to briefly mention, arbitrarily no doubt, some thoughts on the effectiveness<br>of the World Court. I will try to prove that, notwithstanding the existence of<br>substantial rules, it is preferable to have justice delivered by a forum entrusted<br>with general jurisdiction. I shall not refer to treaties for the Peaceful Resolution<br>of Disputes, special agreements and forum prorogatum as jurisdictional<br>bases of the Court. In doing so, I propose to order my paper under three (3)<br>distinct headings: (i) available fora and their contribution, (ii) any role for the<br>World Court (?) and (iii) some concluding remarks.</p> Stratis Georgilas Copyright (c) 2023 Evrigenis Yearbook of International and European Law https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9911 Fri, 20 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Enforcement of ICJ Judgments and Inter-State Arbitral Awards https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9912 <p>International judgements and awards are rendered and usually sentiments<br>do not echo for long after, as the international community, including scholars<br>do not tend to pay much attention to the life of an adjudicatory outcome, after<br>it leaves the bench. As Prof. Oscar Schachter pointed out questions of enforcement<br>and compliance do not receive as much attention and the reasons are not<br>difficult to discern: [m]ainly it has been taken for granted that states which voluntarily<br>submit their disputes to arbitral or judicial procedures will comply<br>with the decision of the tribunal and that if they were not prepared to run the<br>risk of an adverse decision, they would not have submitted the case for adjudication<br>in the first place...</p> Manos Kalaintzis Copyright (c) 2023 Evrigenis Yearbook of International and European Law https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9912 Fri, 20 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Philosophical Ethics and Education in Relation to the Internet of Things https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9913 <p>Whether we want it or not Internet of Things (IoT) appears with growing<br>number of devices in our everyday lives. The entertainment and benefits of<br>such gadgets and systems are however unfortunately often accompanied by<br>risks and ethical issues of the use of IoT. There emerges an important question-<br>How society can mitigate the risks and maximise the benefits of the use of IoT?<br>The author approaches the question from the point of view of applied philosophy<br>and education and claims that also with the help of such disciplines we<br>can address the emerging probles of new technologies.</p> Barbora Badurova Copyright (c) 2023 Evrigenis Yearbook of International and European Law https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9913 Fri, 20 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Human Rights in Hanna Arendt https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9914 <p>The basis of modernity and the consolidation of human rights are placed<br>chronologically during the French Revolution. Every citizen was a bearer of<br>rights as a member of the French nation, while those outside the national context<br>did not hold citizenship. Gradually and as a direct consequence of the<br>wars with the consequent population movements and the circumvention of<br>the national sovereignty of national authorities, several populations ended up<br>as minorities or were displaced from their domiciles.<br>Arendt noted the large number of the displaced, during the time of focus<br>of her research, from the interwar period to the 1940s. The status of the exiled<br>from the political community without citizenship and rights and the general<br>state of loss of statehood was due to the fact that borders had been liquidated<br>and national sovereignty was not granted in relation to the policy of totalitarian<br>regimes such as Germany, which aimed at the marginalization or even<br>neutralization of specific social groups. Those were social groups constructed<br>on the basis of gender, origin, class and ideology (Jews, gypsies, communists,<br>etc.). The deprivation of these groups of their rights, as in the case of the Jews<br>in Germany, made it particularly difficult for international and non-state actors<br>to subsequently try to alleviate this situation.</p> Gavriil-Nikolaos Papadopoulos, Michaela Thalasseli, Constantina Milona Copyright (c) 2023 Evrigenis Yearbook of International and European Law https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9914 Fri, 20 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The new Digital Markets Act and Services Market Act and its Relevance on EU Legal Harmonization https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9915 <p>This text shares a particular approach: that it is possible from EU to fight for a<br>global defence of core values based in a good Legal pattern respected everywhere, enhanced<br>by the so-called “Brussels effect”, in line with the good experiences<br>from the past as Cassis de Dijon and competition rules have been. Nowadays,<br>we need these solutions to be applied to the Digital sector and to serve as a<br>global pattern. Let us see.</p> Blanca Vilà Costa Copyright (c) 2023 Evrigenis Yearbook of International and European Law https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9915 Fri, 20 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Sanctions against Russia https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9916 <p>Undoubtedly, the Russo-Ukrainian war is radically changing the structure<br>of the entire planet every day, and the impact of this crisis is visible in every<br>field: social, political, economic and cultural. In addition, legal issues raised<br>on the occasion of the war are particular and demand an extremely careful approach<br>since there are both legal and political-moral dimensions in the matter...</p> <p>...The aim of the economic sanctions is to impose severe consequences on<br>Russia for its actions and to effectively thwart Russian abilities to continue the<br>aggression. The individual sanctions target people responsible for supporting,<br>financing or implementing actions which undermine the territorial integrity,<br>sovereignty and independence of Ukraine or who benefit from these actions.</p> Konstantinos Kouroupis Copyright (c) 2023 Evrigenis Yearbook of International and European Law https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9916 Fri, 20 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Lawfare https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9917 <p>The region of Eastern Mediterranean is a historically troubled region, interstate<br>enmities, political and military disputes are dominating it. The states<br>that are located in Eastern Mediterranean give great attention to their security<br>and their relations with their neighboring countries. There are, however, third<br>parties, external actors, that play an important role in the balance of power in<br>the region and the security of the Mediterranean countries, such as the United<br>States, the European Union (EU), Russia and, the past several years, even<br>China...</p> Ioannis Giokaris Copyright (c) 2023 Evrigenis Yearbook of International and European Law https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9917 Fri, 20 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0300 La Directive (UE) 2020/1828 sur les Actions Représentatives https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9918 <p>...L’institutionnalisation du mécanisme procédural des actions représentatives<br>met en relief le caractère pas seulement consumériste mais participatif<br>du droit de la consommation, lequel à l’image de la société contemporaine est<br>complexe et mouvant1033. Par conséquent, la directive en cause contribue à la<br>promotion du phénomène de la société de consommation en valeur dotée d’un<br>caractère actif et solidaire. Qui plus est, cette branche du droit va de pair avec<br>une autre classique, telle que la procédure civile, au service du citoyen en tant<br>que consommateur et justiciable.</p> Antoine Maniatis Copyright (c) 2023 Evrigenis Yearbook of International and European Law https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9918 Fri, 20 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The Policy and Legal Challenges of the EU Emissions Trading System in the Fight against Climate Change https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9919 <p>The EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) is the world’s largest emissions<br>market. The scheme was first introduced into the EU legal order in 2015 with<br>the aim to promote Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions reduction and to help<br>the EU comply with its obligations under the international climate change regime1034.<br>It has been described by the EU Commission as ‘‘a cornerstone of the<br>EU’s policy to combat climate change and a key tool for reducing GHG costeffectively’’<br>1035. Nevertheless, given the EU’s long term strategy to be carbon<br>neutral by 20501036, it is clear that the EU ETS faces considerable challenges<br>from a policy and legal perspective as it will be argued in this essay.</p> Iliana Papacharalampous Copyright (c) 2023 Evrigenis Yearbook of International and European Law https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9919 Fri, 20 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Book Reviews and Recent Publications https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9920 <p>Book Reviews and Recent Publications</p> Paraskevi Naskou-Perraki Copyright (c) 2023 Evrigenis Yearbook of International and European Law https://ojs.lib.uom.gr/index.php/EvrYIEL/article/view/9920 Fri, 20 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0300