Ανεπιθύμητοι ελευθερωτές : ο βουλγαρικός στρατός στη Γιουγκοσλαβική Μακεδονία (Σεπτέμβριος-Δεκέμβριος 1944)

Δημήτρης Λυβάνιος

Abstract


After the «Ninth of September» coup in Bulgaria the Bulgarian army in
Yugoslav Macedonia metamorphosed overnight from occupiers into liberators,
and were ordered to help the Red Army drive the Germans out of Yugoslavia.
This dramatic change was opposed by the nationalist Slav-Macedonian
guerrillas and also caused considerable nervousness to Tito. Moreover, the
British, fearing a Bulgar-Yugoslav federation, grew intensely suspicious of the
Bulgarian presence in Macedonia, and pressed the Russians to order an immediate withdrawal. The article analyses the position of the local and
international actors on that higly controversial issue and argues that the British
failure to secure an early withdrawal was the first indication that the
«Percentages Agreement» of October 1944 as regards Bulgaria and Yugoslavia
were not destined to last.

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