Αχρίδα : η επανάσταση του «δούλου»

Άθως Α. Δημοσθένους

Abstract


The basic axis of the article is the interpretation of some obscure information,
provided by a letter of Theophylactos, archbishop of Ochrid. The
letter dates from the last decade of the 11th century (1088-1092). Theophylactos,
who was a renowned scholar as well, sent letters to his friends in order
to express his grievances on various issues.
Letter no. 120 describes a revolt that took place in the peninsula of
Epeiros during one of Theophylactos’ trips in the area. According to our
source, the leader of this revolt was the so called “doulos”. The interpetations
given by various Byzantinists focuses of the identification of “doulos”.
Paul Gautier believes that the word “doulos” implies a characterization
for the leader of the Normans, Bohemond. However, J. C. Cheynet disagrees
with this theory. From our point of view “doulos” is a charismatic personality
of the Bogomils, who managed to rise this heretic community against
Byzantine authorities.
Our comparative study shows clearly that religious reaction is the result of the absolute poverty of the majority of the population as opposed to the
affluence of the ruling class. This situation has provoked many rebellions or
even autonomistic movements in the Byzantine periphery. Consequently, the
rebelion of “doulos” was possibly a manifestation of provincial discontent.

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